Reliable and secure multi-level connectivity for vehicles, both on public roads and for special purposes like professional areas (factories, harbours, airports) and off-road (building sites, farming) is expected to have a major impact in the Automotive domain in this decade. IoT ideas will extend (and connect) production (Industry4.0), living (smart homes) and mobility. Resilient technologies and systems need to be developed, verified and validated ensuring robustness, reliability and security.
Connected vehicles will contribute significantly to raise safety and efficiency in European (and worldwide) mobility. V2x technologies will provide the necessary redundancy and thus “safety margins” required for safe automated driving towards SAE levels 4 and 5. This is because V2x not only allows active information exchange (which is not the case with other standard sensors like Radar or Lidar), but is capable of supporting information sharing between vehicles, communication of intends, or higher-bandwidth application like real-time HD maps of the vicinity, or traffic management.
By supporting the European industry in the development of core competencies in the field of automated and autonomous vehicles, R&D of partner’s locations in Europe will be secured in the medium and long term. The large expected market volume of the autonomous vehicle technologies provides potential for economic growth.
We expect to see a significant impact in the development of cyber-secure systems and services in Europe. InSecTT will work on “security-per-design” solutions for connected vehicles, but also on ways to verify and validate security and thus provide the means for a continuous security-awareness over the full lifetime of ECS in vehicles. This is especially required as we see complex mix of traditional automotive E/E architecture with distributed ECU’s from a sizeable, heterogeneous cluster of vendors and systems coming up, with a multitude of connections and protocols, which needs to scale to the many tens of millions of vehicles on Europe’s streets. Possible attacks might come from the interaction with mobile IoT devices and hacking a car would be commercially interesting to adversaries (car theft, ransom plot, harass passenger, steal user data), but even provide opportunities to attack people and whole societies.
- AI/ML approaches will be applied in the automotive domain both in design and in V&V of connected-car applications. We see a strong need in Europe to catch up in expertise and applications of AI in industrial domains. At the same time Europe has a stronghold in automotive and generally embedded systems; thus, applying AI in this context – as suggested in project InSecTT – will give European industry the much-needed boost close the gap to the US and China in this respect.